Electroplating of iron and its alloys

Issue 26(1) 2021
Pages 48-61

V.I. Bus’ko, Dmitry Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology, Moscow, Russian Federation
V.V. Zhulikov, Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry of Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, Russian Federation

Keywords: iron, electroplating, electrochemical coatings, non-stationary electrolysis, electrochemical alloys



Analytical review of information on electrodeposition of iron and its alloys from aqueous solutions is carried out. Processes of electroplating of iron and its alloys from aqueous solutions and the principal fields of application of these galvanic coatings are discussed. The principal technological advantages of using iron coatings in the reconditioning of steel parts are considered. Compositions of electrolytes and conditions for plating of iron coatings are provided. Technological parameters of electroplating of iron from industrial electrolytes are considered. Data are presented on the effect of some organic additives on the iron plating process. The effect of the concentration of Fe3+ ions in iron plating electrolytes on electroplating of iron coatings and their physic-mechanical properties is discussed. The data are presented on physic-mechanical properties of iron coatings obtained in different electrolysis modes. Nonsteady-state electrolysis modes are discussed that are used in industry for application of iron coatings. The effect of coating plating conditions on their mechanical properties is studied. Technological parameters of electroplating of iron alloys are considered. Co-deposition of iron with nickel, chromium, titanium, phosphorus, molybdenum, vanadium and tungsten is described. Data are provided on compositions of electrolytes and conditions of electroplating of these alloys. Main fields of application of electroplated iron alloys are discussed. Information is provided.